Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Serum levels of reactive nitrogen intermediates (RNI; nitrate plus nitrite) were measured in 92 patients with cerebral malaria in the Madang Province of Papua New Guinea. RNI levels were compared to disease severity and clinical outcome, and correlated with both the depth of coma on admission and its duration. Median levels were higher among children with deeper coma than among those with lighter coma (35.6 microM vs. 16.7 microM; P = 0.008) and also among children with longer duration of coma (72 h; 59.3 microM vs. 19.3 microM; P = 0.004). RNI levels also correlated with clinical outcome, fatal cases having significantly higher RNI levels than survivors (41.2 microM vs. 18.5 microM; P = 0.014). Thus, high RNI levels are associated with indices of disease severity and may predict outcome in children with cerebral malaria. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that nitric oxide is involved in the pathogenesis of coma in human cerebral malaria.

Original publication




Journal article


Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Publication Date





270 - 273


Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Australian National University.


Humans, Parasitemia, Malaria, Cerebral, Coma, Hypoglycemia, Nitrates, Nitrites, Treatment Outcome, Severity of Illness Index, Child, Child, Preschool, Infant, Papua New Guinea, Female, Male