Molecular and clinical delineation of the 17q22 microdeletion phenotype.
Laurell T., Lundin J., Anderlid B-M., Gorski JL., Grigelioniene G., Knight SJL., Krepischi ACV., Nordenskjöld A., Price SM., Rosenberg C., Turnpenny PD., Vianna-Morgante AM., Nordgren A.
Deletions involving 17q21-q24 have been identified previously to result in two clinically recognizable contiguous gene deletion syndromes: 17q21.31 and 17q23.1-q23.2 microdeletion syndromes. Although deletions involving 17q22 have been reported in the literature, only four of the eight patients reported were identified by array-comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) or flourescent in situ hybridization. Here, we describe five new patients with 1.8-2.5-Mb microdeletions involving 17q22 identified by array-CGH. We also present one patient with a large karyotypically visible deletion involving 17q22, fine-mapped to ~8.2 Mb using array-CGH. We show that the commonly deleted region in our patients spans 0.24 Mb and two genes; NOG and C17ORF67. The function of C17ORF67 is not known, whereas Noggin, the product of NOG, is essential for correct joint development. In common with the 17q22 patients reported previously, the disease phenotype of our patients includes intellectual disability, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, conductive hearing loss, visual impairment, low set ears, facial dysmorphology and limb anomalies. All patients displayed NOG-related bone and joint features, including symphalangism and facial dysmorphology. We conclude that these common clinical features indicate a novel clinically recognizable, 17q22 contiguous microdeletion syndrome.