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PURPOSE: This study compared the ability of a bone autograft and four distinct forms of human demineralized bone (DBM) to elicit bone repair in a critical size cranial defect in athymic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cranial defects were created in athymic rats and then grafted with either an autograft, rat DBM particles in glycerol (rGel), or one of four forms of human DBM: 1) hGel; 2) Putty (DBM fibers in glycerol); 3) Sheet (sheet of DBM fibers); or 4) Flex (DBM fiber sheet with glycerol). Histology, histomorphometry, and radiographic density of the graft sites were evaluated at 8 weeks. RESULTS: Of the grafted defects, 29% to 58% were found to be filled with new bone. The rGel and human forms of DBM stimulated similar amounts of new bone growth in comparison with the autograft-filled defects. The fiber-based grafts produced the largest amounts of new bone. CONCLUSIONS: Human DBM in gel, putty and sheet forms were found to perform as well as an autograft in a critical size cranial defect in the athymic rat.


Journal article


J Oral Maxillofac Surg

Publication Date





857 - 863


Analysis of Variance, Animals, Bone Matrix, Bone Transplantation, Disease Models, Animal, Glycerol, Graft Survival, Humans, Male, Osteogenesis, Radiography, Rats, Rats, Nude, Skull, Tissue Preservation, Transplantation, Autologous, Transplantation, Heterologous, Wound Healing