An antigen processing polymorphism revealed by HLA-B8-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes which does not correlate with TAP gene polymorphism.
Rowland-Jones SL., Powis SH., Sutton J., Mockridge I., Gotch FM., Murray N., Hill AB., Rosenberg WM., Trowsdale J., McMichael AJ.
In previous studies of antigen presentation through HLA-B27, we identified a healthy person whose lymphoblastoid cells do not present three B27-restricted viral epitopes to specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), despite adequate cell surface expression of HLA-B2702 of normal sequence. Similar findings were observed in all members of his family sharing the HLA-A3-B2702 haplotype. The original donor, NW, carries HLA-B8 on his other class I haplotype, which his daughter, HW, has inherited. We now report a failure to present an HLA-B8-restricted epitope from influenza nucleoprotein following viral infection of NW cells, although exogenous added peptide is still presented normally. However, cells from HW, which do not carry the A3-B2702 haplotype, present the expected epitope after viral infection. Another B8-restricted epitope, from human immunodeficiency virus-gag, is presented equally well by both cell lines when infected with gag-vaccinia. This antigen processing phenotype does not correlate with any of the known human TAP-1 and TAP-2 polymorphisms.