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Evidence has been presented that herpes simplex virus (HSV) immunoglobulin (IgG) Fc receptors are composed of a complex of two glycoproteins, gE and gI. In previous studies, cells infected with HSV-1 mutants lacking either gE or gI bound lower levels of soluble IgG than cells infected with wild-type viruses suggesting that both gE and gI were required for IgG binding. We have reevaluated the Fc receptor activity of these mutants using a more sensitive assay involving IgG-coated erythrocytes and have found that cells infected with a gE- mutant HSV-1 did not bind IgG-coated erythrocytes whereas cells infected with a gI- mutant retained some Fc binding activity. To further study HSV-induced Fc receptors recombinant adenovirus vectors expressing gE or gI were constructed. Cells expressing gE alone bound both soluble IgG and IgG-coated red cells, although the binding was consistently lower than that observed with HSV-infected cells or cells expressing both gE and gI. Cells expressing only gI were unable to bind either soluble IgG or IgG-coated erythrocytes. These results support the conclusion that both gE and gI are required for full Fc receptor activity, although gE alone can bind IgG to a lesser extent.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Virology

Publication Date

08/1990

Volume

177

Pages

437 - 444

Keywords

Adenoviridae, Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antigens, Differentiation, Cell Line, Cell Membrane, Gene Expression, Genetic Vectors, Immunoglobulin G, Mutation, Plasmids, Receptors, Fc, Receptors, IgG, Restriction Mapping, Simplexvirus, Vero Cells, Viral Envelope Proteins