The effects of malaria chemoprophylaxis given by traditional birth attendants on the course and outcome of pregnancy.
Greenwood BM., Greenwood AM., Snow RW., Byass P., Bennett S., Hatib-N'Jie AB.
A trial of malaria chemoprophylaxis given by traditional birth attendants was undertaken in a rural area of The Gambia where access to antenatal clinics is difficult. Women received one or more doses of Maloprim or placebo from a traditional birth attendant during 1049 of 1208 pregnancies (87%) recorded in 16 villages over a 3-year period. Primigravidae who received Maloprim had a lower parasite rate and a significantly higher mean packed cell volume than primigravidae who received placebo, and their babies were significantly heavier (6% low birth weight vs 22%). In multigravidae chemoprophylaxis reduced malaria parasitaemia but it had no beneficial effect on haemoglobin level and much less effect on birth weight than was observed in primigravidae. However, the mean birth weight of babies born to grandemultigravidae who received chemoprophylaxis was significantly higher than that of babies born to grandemultigravidae who did not.