Limited efficacy of injectable aminosidine as single-agent therapy for Colombian cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Soto J., Grogl M., Berman J., Olliaro P.
Ninety military patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis in Colombia were randomly allocated to 3 treatment regimens of parenteral aminosidine sulphate: (i) 12 mg aminosidine base/kg/d for 7 d, (ii) 12 mg/kg/d for 14 d, and (iii) 18 mg/kg/d for 14 d. With the 89 evaluable patients, the cure rates 12 months after the end of treatment were 10%, 45%, and 50%, respectively. Fifty-eight of the 66 patients who were not cured had lesions that enlarged or were unchanged by 1.5 months after treatment follow up. The other 8 patients had lesions that relapsed between 3 and 12 months after therapy. Even in group (iii) the cure rate was inferior to that (> 90%) with antimony or pentamidine previously reported in this patient population. This study indicates that parenteral aminosidine alone is less likely to be successful in the treatment of cutaneous lesihmaniasis than visceral leishmaniasis, for which a 74% cure rate has been reported. Further trials might consider the combination of aminosidine with other antileishmanial drugs.