Aminosidine ointments for the treatment of experimental cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Neal RA., Murphy AG., Olliaro P., Croft SL.
A 15% aminosidine sulphate (AS)/10% urea/white soft paraffin (WSP) ointment cured all Leishmania major lesions on Balb/C mice following topical application for 10 d. Some relapses were observed 10 weeks after treatment. AS alone in WSP ointment was also highly effective. The ointment containing urea was non-irritant to mice, whereas ointments containing quaternary ammonium compounds were irritant. The 15% AS/10% urea/WSP ointment was not effective in the treatment of L. mexicana or L. panamensis lesions on Balb/C mice, no cure being observed.