Additive Angular Margin for Few Shot Learning to Classify Clinical Endoscopy Images
Ali S., Bhattarai B., Kim T-K., Rittscher J.
Endoscopy is a widely used imaging modality to diagnose and treat diseases in hollow organs as for example the gastrointestinal tract, the kidney and the liver. However, due to varied modalities and use of different imaging protocols at various clinical centers impose significant challenges when generalising deep learning models. Moreover, the assembly of large datasets from different clinical centers can introduce a huge label bias that renders any learnt model unusable. Also, when using new modality or presence of images with rare patterns, a bulk amount of similar image data and their corresponding labels are required for training these models. In this work, we propose to use a few-shot learning approach that requires less training data and can be used to predict label classes of test samples from an unseen dataset. We propose a novel additive angular margin metric in the framework of prototypical network in few-shot learning setting. We compare our approach to the several established methods on a large cohort of multi-center, multi-organ, and multi-modal endoscopy data. The proposed algorithm outperforms existing state-of-the-art methods.