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The rVSV-ZEBOV Ebolavirus vaccine confers protection within days after immunization, suggesting the contribution of innate immune responses. We report modulation of rVSV-ZEBOV vaccinee blood CD56+ NK cell numbers, NKG2D or NKp30 surface receptor expression, Killer Immunoglobulin-like Receptor (KIR)+ cell percentages and NK-cell-related genes on day 1 post immunization. Inverse correlations existed between the concentration of several plasma cytokines and inhibitory KIR+ CD56dim or cytokine-responsive CD56bright NK cells. Thus, NK cells may contribute to the early protective efficacy of rVSV-ZEBOV in humans.

Original publication




Journal article


NPJ vaccines

Publication Date





1Department of Pathology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.


VEBCON Consortium, VSV-EBOVAC Consortium, VSV-EBOPLUS Consortium