Regulation of T15 idiotype dominance. I. Mice expressing the xid immune defect provide normal help to T15+ B cell precursors.
Kenny JJ., Wicker LS., Guelde G., Scher I.
The immune response to phosphocholine (PC) in many strains of mice is dominated by the T15 idiotype family of anti-PC antibodies. By introducing the CBA/N X-linked immune defect (xid gene) into these mice, one profoundly alters their ability to make a T15-predominant, IgM anti-PC response. This loss of T15 dominance in mice expressing the xid gene is not due to the presence of suppressor T cells or the lack of T15 idiotype-specific helper cells in these mice. Thus, one can reconstitute a T15 idiotype-dominant response in immune defective mice with B cells from normal mice, and in adoptive transfer assays the primed T helper cells from immune-defective mice provide qualitatively the same help to normal B cells as the T helper cells from normal mice. T15 idiotype dominance appears to be controlled by the expression and activation of Lyb-5+ PC-specific B cells. Thus, the majority of T15+ B cell precursors are restricted to this B cell subset, whereas the Lyb-5- B cell subset contains predominantly T15-, anti-PC B cell precursors, which produce mainly IgG antibodies after activation by PC-containing antigens.