Two distinct high immune response phenotypes are both controlled by H-2 genes mapping K or I-A.
Wicker LS., Hildemann WH.
Murine responses to immunization with 2, 4, 6-trinitrophenyl (TNP) conjugated to autogenous mouse serum albumin (MSA) in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) are controlled by a gene(s) in the K or I-A region of H-2 complex. High immune responses of both H-2d and H-2b mice have been mapped to this region of the major histocompatibility complex. No modifying effects were observed from genes to the right of I-A in either responder haplotype. High responsiveness controlled by Kb or I-Ab is inherited with complete or partial recessivity, depending on the route of immunization and the sex of the responder. However, high responsiveness controlled by Kd or I-Ad is inherited dominantly. This unusual pattern of inheritance of immune responsiveness to TNP-MSA is consistent with the genetic mapping to K or I-A. TNP-MSA-specific T-cell reactivity following immunization with TNP-MSA in vivo was examined utilizing a T-cell-dependent proliferation assay in vitro with cells obtained from high or low responder mice. Genetic mapping and mode of inheritance in this assay for antigen-specific T-cell reactivity corresponded with results obtained from a plaque-forming cell (PFC) assay measuring antibody production by B cells. Both the proliferative and PFC responses are probably under the same Ir gene control. Both gene dosage effects and Ir-gene-product interaction could influence the generation of specific immune responsiveness in F1 hybrids between high and low responders to TNP-MSA.