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Transgenic NOD backcross mice expressing pancreatic interleukin 10 (IL-10) were crossed and backcrossed to NOD.B6 Idd3 Idd10 mice, which have diabetes-resistance alleles at Idd3 and Idd10 on chromosome 3 and have a very low frequency diabetes and insulitis. Insulitis and diabetes developed in almost all IL-10 transgenic backcross 1 (BC1) mice of the H2g(7/g7) haplotype regardless of the allelic status at Idd3 and Idd10. Furthermore, diabetes occurred in 23% of IL-10 transgenic H2g(7/d) BC1 mice. These results indicate that pancreatic IL-10 is able to overcome the diabetes protection afforded by C57BL/6 (B6)-derived alleles at Idd3 and Idd10 as well as the absence of NOD MHC homozygosity, if other non-MHC NOD-derived Idd alleles are provided.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





215 - 221


Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.


Pancreas, Animals, Mice, Inbred NOD, Mice, Transgenic, Mice, Diabetes Mellitus, Interleukin-10, Inbreeding, Alleles, Female, Male