Assessment of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for the rapid detection of pathogenic bacteria from respiratory samples in patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia
Vergara A., Boutal H., Ceccato A., López M., Cruells A., Bueno-Freire L., Moreno J., de la Bellacasa JP., Castro P., Torres A., Marco F., Casals-Pascual C., Vila J.
<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:sec><jats:title>Introduction</jats:title><jats:p>Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is the one that presents clinically two or more days after admission into the hospital. Rapid identification of the causative agent of HAP will allow an earlier administration of a more appropriate antibiotic therapy and could lead to an improved outcome of patients with HAP.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Methods</jats:title><jats:p>First of all, a rapid procedure (< 30 min) to extract the DNA from bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), endotracheal aspirate (EA) or bronchoaspirate (BAS) was set up. A loop-mediated isothermal amplification reaction (LAMP) specific for <jats:italic>Staphylococcus aureus</jats:italic>, <jats:italic>Escherichia coli</jats:italic>, <jats:italic>Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa</jats:italic>, <jats:italic>Stenotrophomonas maltophilia</jats:italic> and <jats:italic>Acinetobacter baumannii</jats:italic> was carried out with the extracted solution. The reaction was performed at 65ºC for 30-40 min. LAMP was compared with bacterial culture method.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Results</jats:title><jats:p>Overall, 58 positive BAL and 83 EA/BAS samples were tested. The limits of detection varied according to the microorganism detected and to the respiratory sample analyzed. Validation of the LAMP assay with BAL samples showed that the assay was 100% specific and 86.3% sensitive (positive predictive value of 100% and a negative predictive value of 50%). Meanwhile for BAS/EA samples, the assay rendered the following statistical parameters: 100% specificity, 94.6% sensitivity, 100% positive predictive value and 69.2% negative predictive value. These scores were obtained including minor errors as correct. The turnaround time including preparation of the sample and LAMP was circa 1 hour.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Conclusions</jats:title><jats:p>LAMP method may be used to detect the most frequent bacteria causing HAP. It is a simple, cheap, sensitive, specific and rapid assay.</jats:p></jats:sec>