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BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pilot studies with visilizumab, a humanised monoclonal antibody to CD3, suggest efficacy for corticosteroid-refractory ulcerative colitis (UC). A placebo-controlled trial was warranted. METHODS: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the efficacy of visilizumab induction treatment in 127 patients with severely active UC despite treatment with ≥5 days of intravenous corticosteroids. Patients received placebo or visilizumab 5μg/kg intravenously on days 1 and 2. Corticosteroids were tapered according to disease activity. Patients were followed up for 90 days. The primary end point was induction of response at day 45. Secondary end points included remission and mucosal healing at day 45, symptomatic response at day 15 and colectomy. RESULTS: Response at day 45 occurred in 55% of patients receiving visilizumab compared with 47% of those who received placebo (p=0.475). Remission at day 45 occurred in 8% of patients receiving visilizumab compared with 9% of those who received placebo (p=0.704). Mucosal healing at day 45 occurred in 29% of patients receiving visilizumab compared with 26% of those who received placebo (p=0.799). Symptomatic response at day 15 occurred in 82% of patients receiving visilizumab compared with 74% of those who received placebo (p=0.244). Colectomy was performed in 18% of patients receiving visilizumab compared with 7% of those who received placebo (p=0.130). Cardiac disorders and vascular disorders occurred more frequently in the patients who received visilizumab. CONCLUSION: Visilizumab at a dose of 5μg/kg for two consecutive days was not effective for severe, corticosteroid-refractory UC and was associated with increased cardiac and vascular adverse events. (Registered at http://www.clinicaltrials.govNCT00279422/).

Original publication

DOI

10.1136/gut.2009.205443

Type

Journal article

Journal

Gut

Publication Date

11/2010

Volume

59

Pages

1485 - 1492

Keywords

Adult, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized, C-Reactive Protein, CD3 Complex, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, Colectomy, Colitis, Ulcerative, Double-Blind Method, Drug Therapy, Combination, Female, Gastrointestinal Agents, Glucocorticoids, Herpesvirus 4, Human, Humans, Infusions, Intravenous, Male, Middle Aged, Severity of Illness Index, Treatment Failure, Treatment Outcome, Virus Activation