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PurposeInternationally adopted variant interpretation guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) are generic and require disease-specific refinement. Here we developed CardioClassifier ( http://www.cardioclassifier.org ), a semiautomated decision-support tool for inherited cardiac conditions (ICCs).MethodsCardioClassifier integrates data retrieved from multiple sources with user-input case-specific information, through an interactive interface, to support variant interpretation. Combining disease- and gene-specific knowledge with variant observations in large cohorts of cases and controls, we refined 14 computational ACMG criteria and created three ICC-specific rules.ResultsWe benchmarked CardioClassifier on 57 expertly curated variants and show full retrieval of all computational data, concordantly activating 87.3% of rules. A generic annotation tool identified fewer than half as many clinically actionable variants (64/219 vs. 156/219, Fisher's P = 1.1  ×  10-18), with important false positives, illustrating the critical importance of disease and gene-specific annotations. CardioClassifier identified putatively disease-causing variants in 33.7% of 327 cardiomyopathy cases, comparable with leading ICC laboratories. Through addition of manually curated data, variants found in over 40% of cardiomyopathy cases are fully annotated, without requiring additional user-input data.ConclusionCardioClassifier is an ICC-specific decision-support tool that integrates expertly curated computational annotations with case-specific data to generate fast, reproducible, and interactive variant pathogenicity reports, according to best practice guidelines.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/gim.2017.258

Type

Journal article

Journal

Genetics in medicine : official journal of the American College of Medical Genetics

Publication Date

10/2018

Volume

20

Pages

1246 - 1254

Addresses

National Heart & Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, UK. n.whiffin@imperial.ac.uk.

Keywords

Humans, Cardiovascular Abnormalities, Computational Biology, Genomics, Mutation, Genome, Human, Decision Support Techniques, Software, Genetic Testing, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing