Epidemiological Characteristics, Ventilator Management, and Clinical Outcome in Patients Receiving Invasive Ventilation in Intensive Care Units from 10 Asian Middle-Income Countries (PRoVENT-iMiC): An International, Multicenter, Prospective Study.
Pisani L., Algera AG., Serpa Neto A., Ahsan A., Beane A., Chittawatanarat K., Faiz A., Haniffa R., Hashemian SM., Hashmi M., Imad HA., Indraratna K., Iyer S., Kayastha G., Krishna B., Ling TL., Moosa H., Nadjm B., Pattnaik R., Sampath S., Thwaites L., Tun NN., Mohd Yunos N., Grasso S., Paulus F., Gama de Abreu M., Pelosi P., Day N., White N., Dondorp AM., Schultz MJ., For The PRoVENT-iMiC Investigators Moru And The Prove Network None.
Epidemiology, ventilator management, and outcome in patients receiving invasive ventilation in intensive care units (ICUs) in middle-income countries are largely unknown. PRactice of VENTilation in Middle-income Countries is an international multicenter 4-week observational study of invasively ventilated adult patients in 54 ICUs from 10 Asian countries conducted in 2017/18. Study outcomes included major ventilator settings (including tidal volume [<i>V</i> <sub>T</sub>] and positive end-expiratory pressure [PEEP]); the proportion of patients at risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), according to the lung injury prediction score (LIPS), or with ARDS; the incidence of pulmonary complications; and ICU mortality. In 1,315 patients included, median <i>V</i> <sub>T</sub> was similar in patients with LIPS < 4 and patients with LIPS ≥ 4, but lower in patients with ARDS (7.90 [6.8-8.9], 8.0 [6.8-9.2], and 7.0 [5.8-8.4] mL/kg Predicted body weight; <i>P</i> = 0.0001). Median PEEP was similar in patients with LIPS < 4 and LIPS ≥ 4, but higher in patients with ARDS (five [5-7], five [5-8], and 10 [5-12] cmH<sub>2</sub>O; <i>P</i> < 0.0001). The proportions of patients with LIPS ≥ 4 or with ARDS were 68% (95% CI: 66-71) and 7% (95% CI: 6-8), respectively. Pulmonary complications increased stepwise from patients with LIPS < 4 to patients with LIPS ≥ 4 and patients with ARDS (19%, 21%, and 38% respectively; <i>P</i> = 0.0002), with a similar trend in ICU mortality (17%, 34%, and 45% respectively; <i>P</i> < 0.0001). The capacity of the LIPS to predict development of ARDS was poor (ROC AUC of 0.62, 95% CI: 0.54-0.70). In Asian middle-income countries, where two-thirds of ventilated patients are at risk for ARDS according to the LIPS and pulmonary complications are frequent, setting of <i>V</i> <sub>T</sub> is globally in line with current recommendations.