Modelling the Impact of Vector Control on Lymphatic Filariasis Programs: Current Approaches and Limitations
Davis EL., Prada J., Reimer LJ., Hollingsworth TD.
Abstract Vector control is widely considered an important tool for lymphatic filariasis (LF) elimination but is not usually included in program budgets and has often been secondary to other policy questions in modelling studies. Evidence from the field demonstrates that vector control can have a large impact on program outcomes and even halt transmission entirely, but implementation is expensive. Models of LF have the potential to inform where and when resources should be focused, but often simplify vector dynamics and focus on capturing human prevalence trends, making them comparatively ill-designed for direct analysis of vector control measures. We review the recent modelling literature and present additional results using a well-established model, highlighting areas of agreement between model predictions and field evidence, and discussing the possible determinants of existing disagreements. We conclude that there are likely to be long-term benefits of vector control, both on accelerating programs and preventing resurgence.