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Medicine has always striven to personalise or stratify approaches towards individual patients, but recently these terms have been applied particularly to denote improved disease sub-classification achieved through new genetic and genomic technologies. Techniques to analyse a person's genetic code have improved in sensitivity exponentially over recent years and at the same time the cost of such analyses has become affordable to routine NHS care. This article highlights the significant opportunities that genomics brings to healthcare, as well as some of the practical and ethical challenges.

Original publication




Journal article


Clinical medicine (London, England)

Publication Date





416 - 419


Foundation for Genomics and Population Health, Cambridge.


Humans, Genetic Diseases, Inborn, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genomics, Education, Medical, State Medicine, Precision Medicine, United Kingdom