Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Fibronectin Leucine-rich Repeat Transmembrane (FLRT 1-3) proteins are a family of broadly expressed single-spanning transmembrane receptors that play key roles in development. Their extracellular domains mediate homotypic cell-cell adhesion and heterotypic protein interactions with other receptors to regulate cell adhesion and guidance. These in trans FLRT interactions determine the formation of signaling complexes of varying complexity and function. Whether FLRTs also interact at the surface of the same cell, in cis, remains unknown. Here, molecular dynamics simulations reveal two dimerization motifs in the FLRT2 transmembrane helix. Single particle tracking experiments show that these Small-X3-Small motifs synergize with a third dimerization motif encoded in the extracellular domain to permit the cis association and co-diffusion patterns of FLRT2 receptors on cells. These results may point to a competitive switching mechanism between in cis and in trans interactions, which suggests that homotypic FLRT interaction mirrors the functionalities of classic adhesion molecules.

Original publication




Journal article


Structure (London, England : 1993)

Publication Date



Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 5RJ, UK.