Reference spectrophotometric values for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity in two-to six-month-old infants on the Thailand-Myanmar border
Bancone G., Poe DD., Gornsawun G., Htway PP., Gilder ME., Archasuksan L., Chotivanich K., McGready R., Nosten F.
Background: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency represents a barrier to the full deployment of anti-malarial drugs for vivax malaria elimination and of first-line antibiotics. Lack of established reference ranges for G6PD activity in breast-fed infants puts them at risk of drug-induced haemolysis and restricts access to safe treatment of their mothers. Methods: The present work was undertaken to establish age-specific G6PD normal values using the gold standard spectrophotometric assay to support the future clinical use of tafenoquine in lactating women and safer antibiotic treatment in infants. Results: Spectrophotometric results from 78 healthy infants between the ages of 2 and 6 months showed a trend of decreased enzymatic activity with increasing age and provided a reference normal value of 100% activity for infants 2-6 months old of 10.18IU/gHb. Conclusions: Normal reference G6PD activity in 2–6-month-old infants was approximately 140% of that observed in G6PD normal adults from the same population. Age specific G6PD activity thresholds should be used in paediatric populations to avoid drug-induced haemolysis.