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To understand which anthropometric diagnostic criteria best discriminate higher from lower risk of death in children and explore programme implications. A multiple cohort individual data meta-analysis of mortality risk (within six months of measurement) by anthropometric case definitions. Sensitivity, specificity, informedness and inclusivity in predicting mortality, face validity and compatibility with current standards and practice were assessed and operational consequences modelled. Community-based cohort studies in 12 low-income countries between 1977 and 2013 in settings where treatment of wasting was not widespread. Children aged 6 to 59 months. Of the 12 anthropometric case definitions, four (weight-for-age Z-score (WAZ)

Original publication




Journal article


Public health nutrition

Publication Date



1 - 38


Emergency Nutrition Network, Kidlington, UK.