A landscape analysis of the key global stakeholders working on interventions around preterm birth that improve neonatal mortality and morbidity.
Moon G., English M., Nagraj S.
Background Over a decade after the landmark ‘Born too Soon’ report, preterm birth remains a leading cause of under-five mortality. Addressing its global burden is key to meeting United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 3; to end preventable deaths of newborns and children by 2030. We conducted a landscape analysis to explore the types of organisations addressing preterm birth, highlight the scope of interventions and initiatives, and identify gaps and opportunities for shared learning. Methods We combined google searches with citation searching, and opinion of experts in child health, to identify the major global stakeholders working to improve outcomes of preterm birth, with evidence of activity since 2012. We conducted a thematic analysis and narrative synthesis of key stakeholder websites to categorise their functions and priorities, and the types of interventions they were implementing. Results A total of 38 key organisations and 28 interventions were derived from the searches. Organisations were thematically grouped into knowledge sharing (n = 15), knowledge production (n = 12), funders (n = 6), legislation and advocacy (n = 15), implementer (n = 14) and network organisations (n = 11). Interventions covered a wide scope of functions including education (n = 11), research (n = 10), resources (n = 7), legislation (n = 2), and health systems (n = 2) interventions. The majority of global stakeholders were funded from and headquartered within high-income settings. Discussion There is scope for significant learning across global stakeholders, in particular to support carers in low-resource settings. Further opportunities for impact include a need for community-based initiatives and whole systems approach that address the long-term needs of preterm babies and their families, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) settings. Greater knowledge production and funding from LMICs is needed to create contextually relevant resources and address implementation challenges.