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BackgroundBlood eosinophils and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (Feno) are prognostic biomarkers for exacerbations and predict lung function responses to dupilumab in adolescents and adults with asthma.ObjectiveWe evaluated the relationship between baseline blood eosinophils and Feno and response to dupilumab in children with asthma.MethodsChildren aged 6 to 11 years with uncontrolled moderate-to-severe asthma (n = 408) were randomized to receive dupilumab 100/200 mg by body weight or volume-matched placebo every 2 weeks for 52 weeks. Annualized exacerbation rate (AER) reduction and least squares mean change in prebronchodilator percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (ppFEV1) at week 12 were assessed according to cutoff baseline levels for Feno (<20 ppb vs ≥20 ppb) and blood eosinophil count (<150, ≥150 to <300, ≥300 to <500, and ≥500 cells/μL). Quadrant analyses in populations defined by biomarker thresholds and spline models across continuous end points assessed the relationship with Feno and eosinophil count. Interaction testing evaluated the independent roles of Feno and blood eosinophils as predictive markers.ResultsExacerbation risk and magnitude of AER reduction increased in subgroups with higher baseline biomarker levels. Quadrant analyses revealed that disease of patients with either elevated Feno or eosinophil counts demonstrated a clinical response to dupilumab. Interaction testing indicated blood eosinophil counts or Feno independently added value as predictive biomarkers.ConclusionsIn children with uncontrolled moderate-to-severe asthma, blood eosinophil counts and Feno are clinically relevant biomarkers to identify those at risk for asthma exacerbations, as well as those with disease with clinical response to dupilumab.Trial registrationLiberty Asthma VOYAGE NCT02948959.

Original publication




Journal article


The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology

Publication Date



Monroe Carell Jr Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tenn. Electronic address: