Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We described the development of a recombinant cell-based system for the characterisation of phosphodiesterase (PDE) 4 isoforms and the evaluation of inhibitors. The Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell, which was found to have a low endogenous PDE4 background and no beta-adrenergic receptors (beta-AR), was transiently transfected with beta-AR and various PDE4 isoforms which were expressed as functionally coupled molecules. From correlations of elevation of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate in situ and the inhibition of catalytic activity in vitro with the various PDE4 isoforms, it was apparent that PDE4A4, 4B2, 4C2, 4D2, and 4D3 all adopted a high-affinity binding conformation (i.e. expressed the high-affinity rolipram binding site) in the CHO cell, whereas PDE4A330 was expressed in a low-affinity conformation in situ. This gives the opportunity of using this system to screen and optimise inhibitors against a low-affinity conformation of PDE4 in situ and use a high-affinity conformation of PDE4 as a counterscreen, as inhibitor activity against this conformer has been linked with undesirable side effects. This system could also be utilised to screen inhibitors against various PDE4 isoforms in isolation against a low endogenous PDE background in situ for isoform-selective inhibitors.


Journal article


Biochem Pharmacol

Publication Date





1375 - 1382


3',5'-Cyclic-AMP Phosphodiesterases, Adrenergic beta-Agonists, Animals, CHO Cells, COS Cells, Catalysis, Cricetinae, Cyclic AMP, Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases, Type 4, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Drug Evaluation, Preclinical, Enzyme Activation, Enzyme Inhibitors, Humans, Isoenzymes, Isoproterenol, Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2, Recombinant Proteins, Time Factors, Transfection