CDP840: a novel inhibitor of PDE-4.
Perry MJ., O'Connell J., Walker C., Crabbe T., Baldock D., Russell A., Lumb S., Huang Z., Howat D., Allen R., Merriman M., Walls J., Daniel T., Hughes B., Laliberte F., Higgs GA., Owens RJ.
We present the in vitro characterization of a novel phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor, CDP840 (R-[+]-4-[2-¿3-cyclopentyloxy-4-methoxyphenyl¿-2-phenylethyl]pyridine), which has shown efficacy in a phase II allergen challenge study in asthmatics without adverse effects. CDP840 potently inhibits PDE-4 isoenzymes (IC50 2-30 nM) without any effect on PDE-1, 2, 3, 5, and 7 (IC50 > 100 microM). It exhibited no significant selectivity in inhibiting human recombinant isoenzymes PDE-4A, B, C or D and was equally active against the isoenzymes lacking UCR1 (PDE-4B2 and PDE-4D2). In contrast to rolipram, CDP840 acted as a simple competitive inhibitor of all PDE-4 isoenzymes. Studies with rolipram indicated a heterogeneity within all the preparations of PDE-4 isoenzymes, indicative of rolipram inhibiting the catalytic activity of PDE-4 with both a low or high affinity. These observations were confirmed by the use of a PDE-4A variant, PDE-4A330-886, which rolipram inhibited with low affinity (IC50 = 1022 nM). CDP840 in contrast inhibited this PDE-4A variant with similar potency (IC50 = 3.9 nM), which was in good agreement with the Kd of 4.8 nM obtained from [3H]-CDP840 binding studies. Both CDP840 and rolipram inhibited the high-affinity binding of [3H]-rolipram binding to PDE-4A, B, C, and D with similar Kd app (7-19 nM and 3-5 nM, respectively). Thus, the activity of CDP840 at the [3H]-rolipram binding site was in agreement with the inhibitor's activity at the catalytic site. However, rolipram was approximately 100-fold more potent than CDP840 at inhibiting the binding of [3H]-rolipram to mouse brain in vivo. These data clearly demonstrate that CDP840 is a potent selective inhibitor of all PDE-4 isoenzymes. In contrast to rolipram, CDP840 was well-tolerated in humans. This difference, however, cannot at present be attributed to either isoenzyme selectivity or lack of activity in vitro at the high-affinity rolipram binding site (Sr).