Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Mitochondria and lysosomes are two organelles that carry out both signaling and metabolic roles in the cells. Recent evidence has shown that mitochondria and lysosomes are dependent on one another, as primary defects in one cause secondary defects in the other. Nevertheless, the signaling consequences of primary mitochondrial malfunction and of primary lysosomal defects are not similar, despite in both cases there are impairments of mitochondria and of lysosomes. Here, we used RNA sequencing to obtain transcriptomes from cells with primary mitochondrial or lysosomal defects, to identify what are the global cellular consequences that are associated with malfunction of mitochondria or lysosomes. We used these data to determine what are the pathways that are affected by defects in both organelles, which revealed a prominent role for the cholesterol synthesis pathway. This pathway is transcriptionally up-regulated in cellular and mouse models of lysosomal defects and is transcriptionally down-regulated in cellular and mouse models of mitochondrial defects. We identified a role for post-transcriptional regulation of the transcription factor SREBF1, a master regulator of cholesterol and lipid biosynthesis, in models of mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiency. Furthermore, the retention of Ca 2+ in the lysosomes of cells with mitochondrial respiratory chain defects contributes to the differential regulation of the cholesterol synthesis pathway in the mitochondrial and lysosomal defects tested. Finally, we verified in vivo , using models of mitochondria-associated diseases in C. elegans , that normalization of lysosomal Ca 2+ levels results in partial rescue of the developmental arrest induced by the respiratory chain deficiency.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date