nef gene sequence variation among HIV-1-infected African children.
Chakraborty R., Reinis M., Rostron T., Philpott S., Dong T., D'Agostino A., Musoke R., Silva E., Stumpf M., Weiser B., Burger H., Rowland-Jones SL.
BACKGROUND: There are few data on African children infected with nonclade B HIV-1 in endemic settings, which limits generalizations about pathogenesis and progression. Genotypic and phenotypic variations in host immunogenetics and HIV-1 negative factor (nef) accessory protein may influence disease progression and have frequently been characterized in subjects infected with clade B HIV-1. METHODS: In this descriptive study, we report nef gene sequence variation and host genetic polymorphisms in 32 Kenyan children, including 12 slow progressors. RESULTS: Phylogenetic analysis identified HIV-1 clades A, C and D and a recombinant A/D subtype. Grossly defective nef genes or significant changes from relevant clade reference sequences were not identified in children with delayed disease progression. CONCLUSIONS: nef sequence variations may not be common in perinatally infected African children. Further studies are warranted in HIV-1-infected subjects in settings where infection is endemic.