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Modifying the Modifier Covalent modification of proteins provides an important means whereby their function is regulated. Hydroxylation, catalyzed by oxygenase enzymes, plays an important role in the response to hypoxia, for example. The human protein Jmjd6 has been thought to act as an oxygenase, catalyzing the demethylation of histone H3 at arginine-2 and histone H4 at arginine-3. Webby et al. (p. 90 ) now show that Jmjd6 interacts with the messenger RNA splicing factor U2AF65 and acts to hydroxylate this protein at lysine residues, modifications also seen in vivo. Furthermore, Jmjd6 modulates the alternative splicing of both an endogenous gene and an introduced mini-gene.

Original publication




Journal article




American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)

Publication Date





90 - 93