Genetic variation in the type 2 insulin-like growth factor receptor gene and disparity in childhood height.
Petry CJ., Ong KK., Wingate DL., Brown J., Scott CD., Jones EY., Pembrey ME., Dunger DB., Alspac Study Team None.
OBJECTIVE: The type 2 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF2R) is thought to regulate insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) bioavailability by degrading it in the lysosomes after uptake. We hypothesised that polymorphisms in the IGF2R gene could alter size at birth and childhood growth. DESIGN AND METHODS: The hypothesis was tested in a normal birth cohort (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children) by genotyping the IGF2R gene gly1619arg polymorphism, which causes a non-conservative amino acid change in the IGF-II binding region, using PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. RESULTS: The IGF2R gly1619arg genotype was not associated with any measure of size at birth, but A/A homozygotes grew more slowly, as determined by their change in height standard deviation scores (SDS) over the first three years (-0.70 (0.72); n = 12), than G/G homozygotes (0.00 (1.09); n = 561) (p = 0.03). They remained shorter during childhood and by the age of 7 years respective height SDS were: 0.73 (1.02) (n = 12) and 0.01 (0.99) (n = 634) (p = 0.01). These height differences persisted after adjusting for parental heights and gender. There were no detectable differences in weights at 7 years. CONCLUSION: Allelic variation in the gly1619arg SNP of the IGF2R gene is associated with disparity in childhood stature which could reflect altered binding of IGF-II to its receptor.