Chorea-acanthocytosis genotype in the original critchley kentucky neuroacanthocytosis kindred
Velayos-Baeza A., Holinski-Feder E., Neitzel B., Bader B., Critchley EMR., Monaco AP., Danek A., Walker RH.
Objective: Todetermine the molecular nature of the neurological disease in the seminal family reported by Critchley et al inthe 1960s, characterized by a hyperkineticmovement disorder and the appearance of acanthocytosis on peripheral blood smear. Theeponym Levine-Critchley syndrome, subsequently termed neuroacanthocytosis, has been applied to symptomatically similar, but genetically distinct, disorders, resulting in clinical and diagnostic confusion. Design: DNA analysis. Setting: Molecular biology research laboratories. Participants: First- and second-degree relatives of the original Critchley et al proband from Kentucky. Main Outcome Measures: Mutations in the VPS13A gene. Results: A mutation was identified in the VPS13A gene, responsible for autosomal recessive chorea-acanthocytosis. Haplotype reconstruction suggested that this mutation was homozygous in the proband. Conclusion: These findings strongly support the diagnosis of chorea-acanthocytosis as the disorder described in the original report.