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Since their reemergence in 2003, highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) viruses have reached endemic levels among poultry in several southeast Asian countries and have caused a still increasing number of more than 100 reported human infections with high mortality. These developments have ignited global fears of an imminent influenza pandemic. The current knowledge of the virology, clinical spectrum, diagnosis and treatment of human influenza H5N1 virus infections is reviewed herein.

Original publication




Journal article


J Clin Virol

Publication Date





2 - 13


Animals, Antiviral Agents, Birds, Humans, Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype, Influenza in Birds, Influenza, Human, Poultry, Zoonoses