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The anti-influenza drug oseltamivir is an ester prodrug activated by hepatic carboxylesterases. Plasma esterases also convert up to 31.8% of the parent compound to the active metabolite after 4 h ex vivo, with wide interindividual variation. This source of error is removed by adding the esterase inhibitor dichlorvos to blood collection tubes.

Original publication

DOI

10.1128/AAC.00500-06

Type

Journal article

Journal

Antimicrob Agents Chemother

Publication Date

09/2006

Volume

50

Pages

3197 - 3199

Keywords

Adult, Antiviral Agents, Esterases, Female, Humans, Male, Organophosphates, Oseltamivir, Prodrugs