Salmonella infection in cattle in Great Britain, 2003 to 2008.
Carrique-Mas JJ., Willmington JA., Papadopoulou C., Watson EN., Davies RH.
Surveillance data for clinical disease in cattle in Great Britain due to Salmonella infections were analysed for the period 2003 to 2008 in order to describe seasonality and to investigate possible associations between Salmonella diagnoses and other variables such as region, climate, age and production type. A clear seasonal pattern was shown for Salmonella infection, coinciding with the second half of the year. The incidence of Salmonella Dublin and Salmonella Typhimurium was highest in the west of the country, which has the greatest cattle density, but this was not a feature of diagnoses with other serovars. Abortion was a more common clinical sign of S Dublin infections, but was relatively unusual in the case of S Typhimurium. The observed clinical picture and age of affected animals were largely determined by the seasonality of dairy cattle calving in Great Britain.