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The genetic basis of susceptibility to malaria has been studied extensively using a variety of approaches. The protective role of several erythrocytic variants is now well established. More recently, there has been growing evidence that genes determining a variety of immune responses influence susceptibility to malaria. Some of these genes may specifically affect susceptibility to particular strains of malaria parasite. The recent adoption of genetic linkage approaches supplements the established strategy of assessing candidate gene polymorphisms in case-control studies. Immunogenetic associations with severe malaria have already suggested new approaches for intervention, and the highly polygenic nature of susceptibility to this disease suggests that the identification and analysis of new susceptibility and resistance loci should be worthwhile.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Proc Assoc Am Physicians

Publication Date

07/1999

Volume

111

Pages

272 - 277

Keywords

Adult, Africa, Animals, Antigens, Protozoan, Blood Proteins, Carrier Proteins, Case-Control Studies, Child, Collectins, Diseases in Twins, Duffy Blood-Group System, Erythrocytes, Evolution, Molecular, Genetic Linkage, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, HLA Antigens, Host-Parasite Interactions, Humans, Immunity, Innate, Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1, Malaria, Falciparum, Plasmodium falciparum, Selection, Genetic, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, Twin Studies as Topic