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Immunogenetic analysis of disease susceptibility has been encouraged by the identification of strong HLA associations with several diseases of uncertain cause. Weaker HLA associations exist with a large number of infectious and non-infectious diseases and the mechanisms of these effects are beginning to be uncovered. Extensive analyses of non-HLA immunogenetic variants have also been undertaken and associations with a variety of genes identified. Genetic linkage analysis of multicase families has recently identified new major susceptibility loci for a few immunologically determined common diseases. However, the greatest potential for the future lies in genome-wide searches for susceptibility genes that individually might have quite modest effects but cumulatively have a large impact on individual risk. This new era of immunogenomics promises to provide key insights into disease pathogenesis and identify multiple molecular targets for intervention strategies.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





2037 - 2041


Cytokines, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genomics, HLA Antigens, Humans, Immunogenetics