The Crystal Structure of Shikimate Dehydrogenase (AroE) Reveals a Unique NADPH Binding Mode
Ye S., von Delft F., Brooun A., Knuth MW., Swanson RV., McRee DE.
ABSTRACT Shikimate dehydrogenase catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reversible reduction of 3-dehydroshikimate to shikimate. We report the first X-ray structure of shikimate dehydrogenase from Haemophilus influenzae to 2.4-Å resolution and its complex with NADPH to 1.95-Å resolution. The molecule contains two domains, a catalytic domain with a novel open twisted α/β motif and an NADPH binding domain with a typical Rossmann fold. The enzyme contains a unique glycine-rich P-loop with a conserved sequence motif, GAGGXX, that results in NADPH adopting a nonstandard binding mode with the nicotinamide and ribose moieties disordered in the binary complex. A deep pocket with a narrow entrance between the two domains, containing strictly conserved residues primarily contributed by the catalytic domain, is identified as a potential 3-dehydroshikimate binding pocket. The flexibility of the nicotinamide mononucleotide portion of NADPH may be necessary for the substrate 3-dehydroshikimate to enter the pocket and for the release of the product shikimate.