Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

One hundred and seventy five Vietnamese adults with severe and complicated malaria admitted to a rural district hospital were entered into an open randomized comparative study to compare 4 treatment regimens based on artemisinin and its derivatives. The median time of defervescence was 48 h (95% confident interval [CI] 38-58 h) in those given intramuscular (i.m.) artemether, 42 h (95% CI 36-48 h) in those given artemisinin suppositories, 36 h (95% CI 30-42 h) in those receiving artesunate (i.m.) and 30 h (95% CI 18-42 h) in those receiving intravenous artesunate (P = 0.13). The respective median parasite clearance times were 30 h (95% CI 26-34 h), 30 h (95% CI 24-36 h), 24 h (95% CI 15-33 h), and 24 h (95% CI 15-33 h) (P = 0.30); the median times for recovery of consciousness were 47 h (95% CI 31-63 h), 24 h (95% CI 18-30 h), 30 h (95% CI 18-42 h), and 24 h (95% CI 4-44 h) (P = 0.18); and the mortality rates were 11.1%, 17.6%, 10.2% and 16.6%, respectively (P = 0.64). There was no significant difference in efficacy between the 4 treatments.

Original publication




Journal article


Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg

Publication Date





465 - 467


Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Antimalarials, Artemether, Artemisinins, Artesunate, Female, Humans, Injections, Intramuscular, Injections, Intravenous, Malaria, Cerebral, Malaria, Falciparum, Male, Middle Aged, Sesquiterpenes, Suppositories, Treatment Outcome, Vietnam