Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

SETTING: Tertiary referral hospitals in southern Vietnam. OBJECTIVE: Molecular characterisation of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculous meningitis (TBM). DESIGN: Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 198 Vietnamese adults were compared with 237 isolates from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) matched for age, sex and residential district. Isolates resistant to isoniazid or rifampicin (RMP) were sequenced in the rpoB and katG genes, inhA promoter and oxyR-ahpC intergenic regions. RESULTS: While drug resistance rates were lower in the CSF (2.5% MDR) than pulmonary isolates (5.9% MDR), the difference was not significant. The most commonly mutated codons were 531, 526 and 516 in rpoB and 315 in katG. Four novel triple mutants in rpoB were identified. CONCLUSION: RMP resistance is a good surrogate marker for MDR-TBM in this setting. However, probes directed against these three codons would have a maximum sensitivity of only 65%. A rapid phenotypic detection test may be more applicable for the diagnosis of MDR-TBM.


Journal article


Int J Tuberc Lung Dis

Publication Date





202 - 208


Antitubercular Agents, DNA Mutational Analysis, DNA, Bacterial, Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial, Female, Humans, Isoniazid, Logistic Models, Male, Molecular Probes, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques, Sputum, Tuberculosis, Meningeal, Vietnam