Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We introduce a method for detecting and tracking small particles in a solution near a surface. The method is based on blocking the backreflected illumination beam in an objective-type total internal reflection microscope, leaving unhindered the light scattered by the particles and resulting in dark-field illumination. Using this method, we tracked the motion of 60-nm polystyrene beads with a signal-to-noise ratio of 6 and detected 20-nm gold particles with a signal-to-noise ratio of 5. We illustrate the method's use by following the Brownian motion of small beads attached by short DNA tethers to a substrate.


Journal article


Appl Opt

Publication Date





5650 - 5657