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Melioidosis (Burkholderia pseudomallei infection) has yet to be demonstrated systematically in Bangladesh. A prospective, cross-sectional serological survey was conducted in 2010 at six Bangladeshi hospitals. Age, gender, occupation and residential address were recorded. Of 1244 patients, 359 (28.9%) were positive for B. pseudomallei by indirect haemagglutination assay. Farmers had an increased risk of seropositivity (risk ratio=1.4, 95% CI 1.0-1.8; p=0.03). There was no clear geographic clustering of seropositives. Melioidosis should be considered as a possible cause of febrile illness in Bangladesh. Further studies are needed to establish the incidence of clinical disease and distribution of environmental risk.

Original publication




Journal article


Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg

Publication Date





576 - 578


Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Antibodies, Bacterial, Antigens, Bacterial, Bangladesh, Burkholderia pseudomallei, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Hemagglutination Tests, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Male, Melioidosis, Middle Aged, Population Surveillance, Prospective Studies, Young Adult