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RecQ-like helicases, which include 5 members in the human genome, are important in maintaining genome integrity. We present a crystal structure of a truncated form of the human RECQ1 protein with Mg-ADP. The truncated protein is active in DNA fork unwinding but lacks other activities of the full-length enzyme: disruption of Holliday junctions and DNA strand annealing. The structure of human RECQ1 resembles that of Escherichia coli RecQ, with some important differences. All structural domains are conserved, including the 2 RecA-like domains and the RecQ-specific zinc-binding and winged-helix (WH) domains. However, the WH domain is positioned at a different orientation from that of the E. coli enzyme. We identify a prominent beta-hairpin of the WH domain as essential for DNA strand separation, which may be analogous to DNA strand-separation features of other DNA helicases. This hairpin is significantly shorter in the E. coli enzyme and is not required for its helicase activity, suggesting that there are significant differences between the modes of action of RecQ family members.

Original publication

DOI

10.1073/pnas.0806908106

Type

Journal article

Journal

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

Publication Date

27/01/2009

Volume

106

Pages

1039 - 1044

Keywords

Adenosine Diphosphate, Adenosine Triphosphate, Amino Acid Motifs, Amino Acid Sequence, Conserved Sequence, DNA, Escherichia coli, Humans, Kinetics, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutant Proteins, Protein Binding, Protein Structure, Tertiary, RecQ Helicases, Sequence Alignment, Zinc