Comparison between two peptide epitopes presented to cytotoxic T lymphocytes by HLA-A2. Evidence for discrete locations within HLA-A2.
Robbins PA., Lettice LA., Rota P., Santos-Aguado J., Rothbard J., McMichael AJ., Strominger JL.
An influenza B virus nucleoprotein (BNP) peptide, residues 82-94, defined by limited sequence homology with an HLA-A2-restricted peptide from influenza A matrix protein, was recognized by HLA-A2-restricted CTL. Reciprocal inhibition of T cell recognition by the two peptides suggest that the BNP peptide may have lower avidity for HLA-A2 molecules than the matrix peptide. The interaction between this peptide and HLA-A2 was explored by studying the CTL recognition of BNP 82-94 presented by mutant HLA-A2 molecules. Mutations at residues 9, 99, 70, 74, 152 and 156 were found to abolish T cell recognition of the BNP peptide. These results were compared with results previously obtained with the influenza A matrix peptide and suggest that the two peptides bind differently in the peptide binding site.