A novel fungal prenyl diphosphate synthase in the dimorphic zygomycete Mucor circinelloides.
Velayos A., Fuentes-Vicente M., Aguilar-Elena R., Eslava AP., Iturriaga EA.
Two Mucor circinelloides structural genes involved in isoprenoid biosynthesis were isolated and characterised. The isoA gene encodes a typical eukaryotic farnesyl diphosphate synthase (EC 18.104.22.168), whereas the isoB gene deduced amino acid sequence shows similarity to fungal medium-chain prenyl diphosphate synthases. By functional complementation in Escherichia coli, the isoB gene product was shown to be a solanesyl diphosphate synthase (EC 22.214.171.124), which is the first fungal enzyme reported having this specificity. In addition, a M. circinelloides one-marker-per-chromosome map was completed by contour-clamped homogeneous electric field localisation of isoA, isoB and three other isoprenoid biosynthesis genes to individual chromosomes.