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The structure of L-aspartate-alpha-decarboxylase from E. coli has been determined at 2.2 A resolution. The enzyme is a tetramer with pseudofour-fold rotational symmetry. The subunits are six-stranded beta-barrels capped by small alpha-helices at each end. The active sites are located between adjacent subunits. The electron density provides evidence for catalytic pyruvoyl groups at three active sites and an ester at the fourth. The ester is an intermediate in the autocatalytic self-processing leading to formation of the pyruvoyl group. This unprecedented structure provides novel insights into the general phenomenon of protein processing.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nat Struct Biol

Publication Date

04/1998

Volume

5

Pages

289 - 293

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence, Computer Simulation, Crystallography, X-Ray, Escherichia coli, Esters, Fourier Analysis, Glutamate Decarboxylase, Macromolecular Substances, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Protein Conformation, Protein Folding, Protein Structure, Secondary