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Multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi isolates from four outbreaks of typhoid fever in southern Vietnam between 1993 and 1997 were compared. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, bacteriophage and plasmid typing, and antibiotic susceptibilities showed that independent outbreaks of multidrug-resistant typhoid fever in southern Vietnam are caused by single bacterial strains. However, different outbreaks do not derive from the clonal expansion of a single multidrug-resistant serotype Typhi strain.


Journal article


J Clin Microbiol

Publication Date





895 - 897


Bacterial Typing Techniques, Disease Outbreaks, Drug Resistance, Microbial, Drug Resistance, Multiple, Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field, Humans, Salmonella typhi, Typhoid Fever, Vietnam