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The plasma concentrations of granzymes are considered to reflect the involvement of cytotoxic T-cells and natural killer cells in various disease states. Interferon (IFN)-gamma-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) and monokine induced by IFN-gamma (Mig) are members of the non-ELR CXC chemokine family that act on T-cells and natural killer cells. This study revealed that the plasma concentrations of granzyme B (but not granzyme A), IP-10 and Mig were higher in 44 Thai patients with definite or possible leptospirosis than in healthy blood donors. These data suggest that activation of cell-mediated immunity is part of the early host response to leptospirosis.

Original publication




Journal article


Clin Microbiol Infect

Publication Date





433 - 436


Adolescent, Adult, Chemokine CXCL10, Chemokine CXCL9, Chemokines, CXC, Female, Granzymes, Humans, Leptospirosis, Male, Middle Aged, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic