Safety of bronchial thermoplasty in patients with severe refractory asthma
Pavord ID., Thomson NC., Niven RM., Corris PA., Chung KF., Cox G., Armstrong B., Shargill NS., Laviolette M.
Background: Patients with severe refractory asthma treated with bronchial thermoplasty (BT), a bronchoscopic procedure that improves asthma control by reducing excess airway smooth muscle, were followed up for 5 years to evaluate long-term safety of this procedure. Objectives: To assess long-term safety of BT for 5 years. Methods: Patients with asthma aged 18 to 65 years requiring high-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) (>750 μg/d of fluticasone propionate or equivalent) and long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs) (at least 100 μg/d of salmeterol or equivalent), with or without oral prednisone (≤30 mg/d), leukotriene modifiers, theophylline, or other asthma controller medications were enrolled in the Research in Severe Asthma (RISA) Trial. Patients had a prebronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second of 50% or more of predicted, demonstrated methacholine airway hyperresponsiveness, had uncontrolled symptoms despite taking maintenance medication, abstained from smoking for 1 year or greater, and had a smoking history of less than 10 pack-years. Results: Fourteen patients (of the 15 who received active treatment in the RISA Trial) participated in the long-term follow-up study for 5 years. The rate of respiratory adverse events (AEs per patient per year) was 1.4, 2.4, 1.7, and 2.4, respectively, in years 2 to 5 after BT. There was a decrease in hospitalizations and emergency department visits for respiratory symptoms in each of years 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 compared with the year before BT treatment. Measures of lung function showed no deterioration for 5 years. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that BT is safe for 5 years after BT in patients with severe refractory asthma. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00401986. © 2013 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.