Cutting edge: lymphoproliferative disease in the absence of CTLA-4 is not T cell autonomous.
Bachmann MF., Köhler G., Ecabert B., Mak TW., Kopf M.
Mice deficient for the expression of CTLA-4 develop a lethal lymphoproliferative syndrome and multiorgan inflammation leading to death at about 4 wk of age. Here we show that RAG2-deficient mice reconstituted with CTLA-4-deficient bone marrow do not develop a lymphoproliferative syndrome despite lymphocyte infiltration mainly into pericardium and liver. Moreover, RAG2-deficient mice reconstituted with a mixture of normal and CTLA-4-deficient bone marrow remain healthy and do not develop any disease. Thus, the lethal disease observed in CTLA-4-deficient mice is not T cell autonomous and can be prevented by factors produced by normal T cells.