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ABSTRACTThe global emergence ofKlebsiella pneumoniaecarbapenemase-producingK. pneumoniae(KPC-Kp) multilocus sequence type ST258 is widely recognized. Less is known about the molecular and epidemiological details of non-ST258K. pneumoniaein the setting of an outbreak mediated by an endemic plasmid. We describe the interplay ofblaKPCplasmids andK. pneumoniaestrains and their relationship to the location of acquisition in a U.S. health care institution. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) analysis was applied to KPC-Kpclinical isolates collected from a single institution over 5 years following the introduction ofblaKPCin August 2007, as well as two plasmid transformants. KPC-Kpfrom 37 patients yielded 16 distinct sequence types (STs). Two novel conjugativeblaKPCplasmids (pKPC_UVA01 and pKPC_UVA02), carried by the hospital index case, accounted for the presence ofblaKPCin 21/37 (57%) subsequent cases. Thirteen (35%) isolates represented an emergent lineage, ST941, which contained pKPC_UVA01 in 5/13 (38%) and pKPC_UVA02 in 6/13 (46%) cases. Seven (19%) isolates were the epidemic KPC-Kpstrain, ST258, mostly imported from elsewhere and not carrying pKPC_UVA01 or pKPC_UVA02. Using WGS-based analysis of clinical isolates and plasmid transformants, we demonstrate the unexpected dispersal ofblaKPCto many non-ST258 lineages in a hospital through spread of at least two novelblaKPCplasmids. In contrast, ST258 KPC-Kpwas imported into the institution on numerous occasions, with otherblaKPCplasmid vectors and without sustained transmission. Instead, a newly recognized KPC-Kpstrain, ST941, became associated with both novelblaKPCplasmids and spread locally, making it a future candidate for clinical persistence and dissemination.

Original publication




Journal article


Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy


American Society for Microbiology

Publication Date





1656 - 1663